Famous Botanical Garden in India-Best Indian Garden
The Botanical Gardens are spaces where various types of plants and trees may be conserved and exhibited. They are often covered by zoos. In this post, we present a list of Famous Botanical Gardens in India-Best Indian Garden along with their location. So, it will enhance the awareness of readers who are planning for exams.
What are the botanical gardens?
A botanical garden is one kind of establishment where varieties of plants are preserved for scientific management as well as education and research purposes.
The botanical garden develops and is divided into different categories likes – a greenhouse, shade house, herb plants, exotic plants, arboretum plants, tropical plants, and many more.
It’s an open courtesy on the thousand acres of the territory mostly for collected varieties from all over the world to make it for remarkable collection.
Why are the botanical gardens so famous?
Botanical gardens are given rise for research, education, and fun purposes. It’s far different from regular visiting parks that have some beautiful blossom flowers and a few varieties of species.
They are occasionally associated with the zoo, which attracts thousands of people there to know about the diversity of flora and fauna. Particularly, people who adore nature and curious to know about it more.
Criteria for any organization known to be a botanical garden:
For developing the botanical garden, there are some criteria you must have to follow. The following famous Botanical Garden meets all these criteria.
- Regulating the plants in the collection of a variety of species.
- An adequate degree of permanence
- Proof and proper documentation of the collection of varieties containing the wild origin.
- Proper labeling of the plants, so that people can understand.
- Open to the general public.
- An underlying scientific basis of the collection.
- Exchange of seeds and parts of plants with other educational institutions or nurseries in case of need.
- Communication with other gardens, institutions, and the public for getting general information.
What is the importance of a Botanical Garden?
As we know, the Botanical garden is home to various species of flora and fauna. Hence, it makes the best open laboratory for students and researchers.
- It shows the importance of botanical research to supply a wide range of flowers, seeds, and fruits.
- Helps in a study of taxonomic research where gardens provide adequate information about flora like rose, bonsai, and some of the rare plants.
- It acts as an outdoor library for students to learn more in detail.
- It creates employment for the young botanists.
- For enjoyment purposes, especially for those who love gardening as their hobby.
- For public services, it provides plants, seeds, and home gardening instruction.
Famous Botanical Garden in India
1. Indian Botanic Garden
The Indian Botanical Garden is popular for the giant banyan tree, which indicates that it has the world’s largest canopy.
The garden was originally established by Colonel Kyd in 1786 and labeled the hon’ble company’s botanic garden throughout east Indian rule.
This included some 12,000 different plant species and dried plants that were imported from all over the world.
It became The Royal Botanical Garden, Calcutta. Sometimes later, it switched to “Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian botanic garden.”
Indian Botanic Garden is one of the famous botanical gardens in India. This is India’s largest and oldest garden, where the Assam and Darjeeling tea is now cultivated. It was discovered by Alexander for plant selection and the introduction of foreign plants. This garden is joined to the serpentine lake for boating. It has a library with an invaluable selection of books.
Address:- Shibpur, near Howrah bridge, West Bengal-711103
Phone no:- 91673 23135
2. Saharanpur Botanical Garden
It is known as a company garden preserved by the East India Company in the medieval period. It was founded before 1750 and named “Farhat Bakhsh”. Originally, it was set up by a local chief, Intezam ud-Ullah. While in 1817 developed by the English East India Company and gave authority to the district surgeon.
In 1887, when the botanical survey of India was set up to modify the country’s botanical science, Saharanpur became the main centre of a survey of the north Indian flora. This garden is seen as historically due to its varieties of flowers and plants.
Address:- company garden, Beri bagh, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh- 247001
3. Lalbagh Botanical Garden
Lalbagh is an old botanical garden situated in Bengaluru, India. It was First planned and laid out during the period of Hyder Ali. Later it was decorated with unique plant species by his son Tippu sultan. it was later governed under several British chiefs before Indian Independence.
It was credited for the introduction and propagation of various decorative plants as well as of economic value. Sometimes, It served a social function as a park and active space, with a central glasshouse from 1890, which was used for flower shows.
In recent times, it hosts two flower shows occurring on 26th January & 15th August. Moreover, it is home to numerous wild varieties of birds and other wildlife. The garden has a lake attaching a large rock on which a watchtower had been designed.
Address: Near BMTC Office, Wilson Garden, Lalbagh Road, Bengaluru-560004, Karnataka.
Phone no: 91-8026578184
4. Government Botanical Gardens
This botanical garden is in Udhagamandalam, in Ooty. The Garden covers an area of 55 vectors and divided into several sections, the whole garden has a terraced layout. It is maintained by the Horticulture Department of the state.
It was established in 1848 designed by William Graham Mclvor. During the British period, this garden was used to supply vegetables.
It was established on the slopes of the hill at an elevation of around 2200 meters above Mean Sea Level with a separate climate and a rainfall of 140 cm. Temperatures varied between 28°C and 0°C respectively.
Address: Government botanical garden, Udhagamandalam, Vannarapettai, Ooty- 643002, Tamilnadu.
Phone no: 91 4232442344 / 4232442233
5. Tropical Botanic Garden
The garden is known as Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute. It has been renamed in remembrance of our ex-Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
The garden is a dominant Institute founded by the Government of Kerala in 1979 at the capital city Thiruvananthapuram. It processes under the umbrella of the Kerala State Council for Science, Technology, and Environment.
The Institute begins research in conservation biology, herbology, biotech, microbiology, and plant taxonomy, which are the main subjects related to the study.
JNTBGRI makes a detailed survey of the economic plant of Kerala, to conserve, preserve and sustainably use the plant. They research various subjects like botanical, agriculture, and chemical for the improvement of the plant.
Taxonomists planned garden vegetation to file plant properties before making extensive representations.
Address: Jawaharlal Nehru tropical botanical garden, Palode, Kerala-695562
Phone no: 47228 69646
6. Lloyd Botanic Garden
The garden was established in 1878 on 40 acres of land. This garden is located in Darjeeling. It is an important attraction for tourists due to its beautiful plants and typical forest including bamboo, oak, wild geranium, magnolia, etc.
The garden has 150 cacti collections conserved in the glasshouse. It has a collection of native orchids too. And this garden has four gates alternately works for entry and exit and taxi stand.
Address: Chauk Bazaar, Darjeeling, West Bengal-734101
7. Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden
The garden is located in Sikkim near Rumtek monastery and popular amongst tourists. It was established in 1987. It is maintained by the forest department of Sikkim under the unit parks and gardens.
The garden has a collection of around 1.5 lakh decorative plants and oak varieties. There are many gardens along with Nehru garden and the waterfall adds up its beauty with majestic snow-capped mountains of the Himalayas.
The garden is located in the hustle-bustle of the city of Sikkim. It is enough to attract all types of age including children.
Address: Ranipool Rumtek Sang road, Gangtok, Sikkim-737135
8. National Botanic Garden
The National Botanical Garden has a famous National Botanical Research Institute. It has a long admired historical background.
It was known as Sikandar Bagh under Nawab Saadat Ali Khan Province. The British conquered it and transformed it into a scientific society on horticulture.
They were organized with different activities like flower shows, supply, and exchange of plants, nurseries, and maintained as a public park. The best part of this place is that a public garden with lush green plants, shrubs, and herbs comprise the beautiful surrounding.
It has a picnic spot, which is famous among family and friends. But, in 1953 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research in New Delhi overtook the Lucknow Botanical Gardens.
They decided to make it a combination of a botanic garden and an applied botanical research laboratory.
Address: National Botanical Research Institute, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh- 226 001.
Phone no: 91-52222 05831
9. Assam State Botanical Garden
This botanical garden is known as the Guwahati botanical garden on 432 acres of land. It was established in 1958. It is combined with Assam zoo.
The garden contains 345 different kinds of varieties of flora. The herbarium section includes 280 species of exotic plants. It includes bamboo species, palm species, and orchid species. It has many rare plants like pitcher plants and doum palms.
It’s one of the finest botanical gardens of north-east India.
Address: RG Baruah road, Ambikagirinagar, Guwahati, Assam- 781005
Phone no: 361-2333252
10. Semmozhi Poonga Botanical Garden
The word Semmozhi Poonga (literally) means the classical language park. It was set up by Chennai in combination with the government of Tamilnadu. It’s located on 20 acres of land.
On 24th November 2010, it was opened to the public. It is located on the cathedral road. Around 500 plant varieties and some of the old trees have been planted over 100 years.
The garden house develops some of the rare exotic plants imported from China and Thailand, aromatic and medicinal herbs like bonsai, and many more.
Address: Cathedral Road, Ellaiamman Colony, Teynampet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu-600086
Phone no: 91-70926 55050
11. Hyderabad Botanical Garden
The garden is located on 270 acres of land in Kothaguda, Hyderabad. It was created by the Telangana forest department. The main aim of the garden is to conserve and develop the germplasm and educate the people about flora.
It includes five sections namely timber trees, fruit trees, medical plants, aquatic plants, and bamboo. It is known as Shree Kotla Vijayabhaskara reddy botanical garden.
Address: Kothaguda Reserve Forest, Gachibowli Road, Kondapur, Telangana- 500032.
Phone no: 40233 72977 / 180042546464
12. Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Garden
The garden is known as Sanjay Gandhi Jai in Udyan located in Bihar. The park was opened to the public in 1973. First, it was established in 1969 on 34 acres of land.
The Park has over 300 species of trees, herbs, and shrubs. This biological park is combined with a zoo. It has nearly 300 species of trees.
Address: Rajbanshi Nagar, Bailey Road, Patna, Bihar- 800014.
Phone no: +91 61222 17455
13. Madhavaram Botanical Garden
The garden is located in Chennai. It’s the second-largest botanical garden in Chennai after the Semmozhi Poonga garden.
The foundation of the garden was laid on 15th September 2010 consists of 20.21 acres of land.
The garden is distributed into different sections including fruits, medicinal plants, indoor plants, cactus, and ornamental greenhouse. It has a small bridge that has been built to attract birds from where visitors will get a view of the lake.
The garden has nearly 400 species of plants including about 200 ornamental plants.
It has a play area for children, waterfalls, and many fountains that attract people. It has an open-air theatre with a capacity to seat nearly 150 people and a nursery outlet.
Address: Madhavaram Milk Colony Park Trail, Madhavaram Milk Colony, Chennai, Tamil Nadu-600051
Phone no: 4425554443 / 91-8056217841
14. National Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden and Research Center – Telangana
The garden was created in 1992 on the 7 acres of land. The garden was opened in 2004 with 500 plants from the collection of Tarsem Lal.
It consists of over 3500 cactus species. Many of them are in danger. One can be met by plants bloom in shades of orange and red of different sizes and find their typical leafless spiky versions.
In March every year, the Cactus show is conducted here. This garden has the largest collection of Indian succulents in the world.
Address: Kothaguda Reserve Forest, Gachibowli Road, Kondapur, Telangana- 500032
Phone no: 172-2585000 / 172-2568313
15. Odisha State Botanical Garden
The Odisha state botanical garden was established in the year of 1963 on 75 vectors of land. It is situated in the sylvan settings of the moist deciduous forest of the green Nandankanan sanctuary located between two wetlands.
The botanical garden covers 24 different gardens including glasshouse, cacti house, bonsai, dry garden, greenhouse, butterfly park, orchid house, Japanese garden, mutual garden, etc.
It consists of a children’s Park and Buddha park. Its main aim is to conserve and study rare plants.
Address: Nandankanan Zoological Park, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Phone no: 91-67424 66075
Conclusion: Famous Botanical Garden in India-Best Indian Garden
We can conclude that the botanical gardens maintain a large variety of plant species. It is used for scientific and educational purposes too. It plays an important role in the conservation of plants.
Hope, with this blog you can get details information about Famous Botanical Garden in India-Best Indian Garden. The conservation of plant variety is important for sustainable development in the world of flora.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Which is the oldest Botanical Garden in India?
The oldest Botanical Garden is the Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden. It is in Kolkata, West Bengal.
Q: Who is the father of the Botanical garden?
William Roxburgh, a Scottish botanist is known as the father of Indian Botany. He was the head of Calcutta Royal Botanic Gardens for 20 years.
Q: Are botanical gardens profitable?
If you want to consider a single garden then you can welcome 150000 guests in a year or more. Even if you charge an average cost for each ticket, the gross revenue would be $1.8 million.
Q: How to take care of Botanical Gardens?
Having a botanical garden isn’t enough, you have to take good care of them. Make sure there is proper optimization of sunlight. Ensure sufficient air circulation in the garden. Perform activities like, weeding or pruning.
Q: What makes a Botanical garden?
A garden with a wide range of plants labeled with their botanical names and dedicatedly cultivated.
Q: Name and place of National Botanical garden in India?
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden is the National botanic garden in India formerly called as Royal Botanic Garden.
Q: Why do we need botanical gardens?
These gardens devote their resources to the study and conservation of plants. Moreover, they make the world plant species. They not only provide plant diversity to the public but also plays a central role in meeting human needs.
Q: Are there different kinds of Botanical Gardens? If yes, how many are there?
Yes, there are three kinds of Botanical gardens. The first one is Cacti and succulent plants. The second is Herb Gardens and the last is Greenhouses and shade houses.
Q: History of Botanical garden?
The First Botanical garden was established during the Middle Ages. Many gardens existed in Pisa, Bologna, Padua, but medicinal herbs existed only in the Botanical Garden of Padua. The first US botanical garden was established in John Bartram in Philadelphia in 1728.
Q: List the most important criteria for any organization to have Botanical Gardens?
For having a botanical garden one needs to have a high degree of permanence. Proper labeling of the plants is a must. The garden should be open to the general public. You should exchange seeds and parts of plants with other educational institutions or nurseries. Lastly, you should have proper documentation of the collection of varieties of plants along with their origin.